'''Charles Sprague "Carl" Ruggles''' (March 11, 1876 – October 24, 1971) was an United States|American composer
of the American Five
group. He wrote finely crafted pieces using "Counterpoint#Dissonant counterpoint|dissonant counterpoint
", a term coined by Charles Seeger
to describe Ruggles' music. His method of atonality|atonal
counterpoint was based on a non-serialism|serial
technique of avoiding repeating a pitch class
until a generally fixed number such as eight pitch classes intervened. He wrote painstakingly slowly so his output is quite small.
Famous for his prickly personality, Ruggles was nonetheless friends with Henry Cowell
, Edgard Varèse
, Charles Ives
, Ruth Crawford Seeger
, and Charles Seeger. His students include James Tenney
and Merton Brown
. Conducting|Conductor Michael Tilson Thomas
has championed Ruggles'...